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There are two major types of strokes:
In children, strokes can be caused by abnormalities in blood vessels in the brain or neck, excess clotting, sickle cell disease and certain heart or metabolic conditions. Often, however, the cause of strokes in children remains unclear.
Only about 2-6 out of every 100,000 children in the U.S. will suffer a stroke each year. Strokes in children occur less commonly than in adults, but the consequences can be equally devastating.
Because a stroke is a rare disorder in children, optimal stroke care for them requires expertise from a variety of pediatric medical specialties, including hematology, neurology, radiology, rehabilitation, neurosurgery, neuropsychology, cardiology and other areas.
Signs and symptoms of a stroke in children can include:
The following diagnostic services are used at Children’s Hospital Colorado after a stroke:
Our other stroke services include:
Our Colorado Stroke Program combines the expertise of Children's Hospital Colorado and the University of Colorado Denver Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center to treat pediatric patients who have suffered a stroke, or children who may be at risk for stroke due to other medical conditions. The program, established in 2006, provides a variety of services for pediatric stroke patients and their families in a comprehensive setting.
The multidisciplinary stroke team at Children’s Colorado is focused solely on treating infants, children and teens who have suffered a pediatric stroke. Our pediatric stroke doctors have devoted their careers to caring for children who experience a stroke and strive to provide the best possible outcomes for their patients.
Our multidisciplinary stroke clinics provide access to dedicated stroke providers in multiple specialties, including: neurology, hematology, rehabilitation, radiology, neurosurgery, neuropsychology, social work, and research. In addition, these providers have extensive experience with children with stroke, and access to the most up-to-date advances in the stroke field through participation in local, national and international childhood stroke research.
Our unique stroke alert system ensures that one of our stroke team members is available 24/7 to consult on stroke cases. In addition, our in-hospital alert system quickly brings doctors and nurses throughout our hospital together and to our stroke patients.
The Children’s Colorado Stroke Program has several comprehensive care clinics, each occurring on a monthly or bi-monthly basis:
The AIS Clinic was established in 2003 for the evaluation and care of neonates and children who have suffered a stroke due to inadequate blood flow to the brain. This clinic also sees children who have had episodes of transient ischemic attack, "TIA," or "mini-stroke". Currently, there are more than 100 AIS patients in the Rocky Mountain Region who are treated and followed through this clinic.
The AIS Clinic incorporates the disciplines of neurology, hematology, rehabilitation, neuropsychology and radiology, with the additional involvement of neurosurgery, rheumatology, and cardiology when appropriate.
This team thoroughly defines stroke risk factors for patients to facilitate the best decision-making for immediate and long-term medical care. We provide safe and effective treatment plans for our patients to help prevent future strokes.
In addition, we provide extensive education about childhood AIS to our families, access to support groups, as well as the ability to participate in multiple research projects dedicated to enhancing our understanding of childhood stroke.
The Hemorrhagic Stroke Clinic focuses on the evaluation and long-term care of children who have suffered bleeding that affects their central nervous system function, and children with and without known underlying bleeding disorders.
The CSVT Clinic has evolved out of the long-standing Thrombosis Clinics at Children’s Colorado, in order to provide devoted and coordinated neurological, hematological and ophthalmological care for children who have suffered blood clots in the brain.
The Presumed Perinatal Stroke Clinic provides consultation and risk factor evaluation and counseling for those children with presumed in-utero/newborn stroke that is diagnosed later in life.
If your child is affected by pediatric stroke, please call the co-coordinator of our clinics, Elizabeth Gibson, PA at 303-724-0724 for further information. Referrals to the Children's Hospital Colorado Stroke Program clinics can be made either by physician referral or self-referral. Please contact your insurance provider to obtain prior authorization as needed.
We request that you send us a copy of your child's pertinent medical records prior to the visit for us to review, unless they were obtained at Children's Colorado.
Pertinent medical records include:
Please mail these records to:
Elizabeth Gibson, PA-C
University of Colorado Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center
13199 East Montview Boulevard, Suite #100
Aurora, Colorado 80045
The Stroke Program at Children’s Colorado is a contributing member of the International Pediatric Stroke Study, an international group dedicated to research in childhood strokes. Our team also receives funding from the National Institute of Health and the Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute that is dedicated to searching for the appropriate treatments for childhood strokes.
In addition, we are part of ongoing research efforts in the following areas:
Hematology/Oncology - Pediatric , Pediatrics
Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
Neurology - Pediatric, Neuromuscular Medicine