In pediatric medicine, there's an interesting bimodal age distribution of poisoning in children. Toddlers make up the majority of cases, with a large number of accidental poisonings from household products, cosmetics and medications that aren't properly stored. The second peak occurs during adolescence, with an increase in intentional poisonings arising from drug abuse or misuse and behavioral health concerns. This presents a wide range of toxicity issues pediatricians need to be aware of.
Listen to our pediatric emergency medicine expert discuss the most common overdoses in children
In today's episode of Charting Pediatrics, we explore the topic of toxicity and the most common overdoses in pediatric medicine.
We're thrilled to welcome Sam Wang, MD, back to the podcast to lead today's discussion. Dr. Wang joined us earlier this season when we covered the timely topic of Marijuana as Medicine (S2:E14). He is a pediatric emergency medicine physician and medical toxicologist at Children's Hospital Colorado and the University of Colorado School of Medicine.
In today's episode, we discuss:
- The most common overdoses in children
- The two peaks of overdose distribution
- Distribution in the highest peak (lips, sips, tastes, ingestion)
- The most common substances young children tend to ingest, including household products, chemicals and cosmetics
- Who parents and guardians should call first when they suspect a child has been poisoned
- The most common overdoses and types of drugs that are abused by adolescents
- The highest drug toxicities and fatalities among children and adolescents of all ages
- Some of the most common over-the-counter medications that can be toxic to pediatric patients
- Implications of ingestible marijuana products that are available in Colorado, including increases in ER visits
- The benefits of legislative acts that focus on child-safe packaging
- The newest names for street drugs and novel drugs that children abuse
- Lab studies done for children, such as drug screens
- The most common treatments that pediatricians can use when a child has ingested something toxic or poisonous
- The "Costco-sized" concern around proper storage of household and pharmaceutical products
- Considerations for primary care pediatricians (PCPs) when a child has delayed symptomatic onset to ingestion and/or exposure to something toxic
- Some common misconceptions about the true dangers of over-the-counter medications
- Proven multidisciplinary approaches providers can use for patients with repeat overdose cases
- Why pediatric overdose prevention efforts, both in the office and at an advocacy level, are so important for the health of children
Treating pediatric overdoses at Children's Colorado
When a child or adolescent needs to be treated for an overdose, they're seen by the pediatric experts in our Emergency Care Department. Kids' health emergencies require special expertise, and our emergency room only treats children and adolescents. Refer a patient to Children's Colorado.